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Emmanuil Travel Greece


Olympou 42, Nei Pori
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+302352044622
+302352044341
Leptokaria
+302352033223
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emtravel@otenet.gr
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 PETRALONA CAVE

 WATERLAND

 THESSALONIKI

 OLYMP

 ATHEN

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Excursion & Cruises

PETRALONA CAVE

Info

The Petralona Cave and Moudania Market tour is one of a kind!

We will walk into the magnificent cave and observe the excavations and the speleothems. You will become familiar of all the findings that still exist till this day.

The PetralonaCave is a major tourist attraction of the Halkidiki peninsula. Archeologists have found the first human remains of Greece in the Petralona cave. In addition, the number and continuity of remains is extraordinary! No wonder why it is one of the most important caves of paleontological interest. The cave became famous in 1960, when the skull of a 25 year old woman (it is believed to be up to 700.000 years old) was discovered.

After our explorative trip to the PetralonaCave, we will visit the modern market of Moudania which is one of the biggest markets of Halkidiki. The market is rich with variety of goods. You will have the opportunity to walk the streets, enjoy the scenery, grab a snack to eat and simply relax.

History & Culture : Petralona s Cave

 The cave of Petralona "embellished" with stalagmites and stalactites is located in the west foot of the Katsika (Goat) mountain and in an altitude of about 300 meters from the level of sea. It was found in 1959 by the inhabitant of Petralona, Mr. Philippos Hatzaridis and it became well known all over the world in 1960, when the skull of Arhanthropos was found by another inhabitant of Petralona, Mr. Christos Sarrigiannidis.

The systematic excavations of the Cave began in 1965 by the founder of the Anthropologic Company of Greece, anthropologist professor Aris Paulianos. His researches proved that the Arhanthropos is about 700.000 years old, and this makes him the "oldest" European. This age was determined after the detailed analysis of stratigraphy (until today 28 geological layer have been revealed), and after studying the primitive and Paleolithic tools as well as the palaiofauna that were discovered in almost all the layers. Among the fossils of animals that have extinct the following are included: lions, hyenas, bears, panthers, elephants, rhinoceros, megakeroi, bison and various species of deer and hippo, and also 25 species of birds, 16 species of rodents and 17 species of bats. 

In order to verify the age, the contribution of nucleonic is very important. The materials that have been dated are bones, argil, stalagmites and ashes. These are fire traces - the oldest ones that human have ever lighted. 


WORKING HOURS -GENERAL INFORMATION 

The entrance is allowed daily from 9 a.m. to one hour before the sunsets.
There is a priority line.

ATTENTION:
Taking pictures and video is not allowed, because the cave is a research place and because intense light (various lights, flash, e.t.c) can cause serious damage to the interior part of the cave (stalactite and stalagmite).